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The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is a landlocked country in South and Central Asia. It is the 41st largest country in the world by size and the 42nd most populous.

Capital: Kabul

Population: 33 million
Natural resources: coal, copper, iron ore, lithium
Natural hazards: Earthquakes in the Badakhshan province, causing landslides and avalanches.


Cameroon is a Central African country located on the Gulf of Guinea. Its general stability in the past 50 years has promoted the development of agriculture, roads and railways.

Capital: Yaoundé
Population: 22.25 million
Natural resources: Petroleum, bauxite and iron ore
Natural hazards: Volcanic activity with periodic releases of poisonous gases from Lake Nyos and Lake Monoun volcanoes


The Central African Republic is a landlocked country in central Africa whose motto (translated from French) is “Unity, Dignity, Work”.

Capital: Bangui
Population: 4.7 million
Natural resources: Uranium reserves, crude oil, gold and diamonds
Natural hazards: Hot, dry, and dusty Harmattan trade wind in the north and desertification in the south


Chad, named after the famous Lake Chad, is the second largest wetland in Africa and is divided into three distinct zones: the Sudanian savannah in the south, the Sahara Desert in the north, and the Sahelian belt in Chad’s center.

Capital:  N’Djamena

Population:  13.6 million

Natural resources: petroleum, gold-bearing quartz

Natural hazards: flash floods in the desert

Democratic Republic of the Congo

The Democratic Republic of the Congo  is located in central Africa and is the fourth most-populated nation in Africa.

Capital: Kinshasa
Population: 67.51 million
Natural resources: 70% of the world’s coltan, a third of its cobalt, 30% of its diamond reserves and a tenth of its copper.
Natural hazards: Active volcanos Mount Nyiragongo and Mount Nyamulagira


Ethiopia is located in the horn of Africa and is the most populous landlocked country in the world. It was ranked by the World bank as the world’s fastest-growing economy in 2017.

Capital:  Addis Ababa
Population:  102 million
Natural resources: Ethiopia’s biggest export is coffee, but the country has large mineral resources and oil potential in some less inhabited regions.

Natural hazards:  Like other countries in the Horn of Africa, Ethiopia suffers periodic droughts. A severe drought led to the famine of 1983 and 1985 in which 400 000 people died — the worst famine to hit the country in a century.


Ghana is a West African country known for its old forts and secluded beaches

Capital: Accra
Population: 25.9 million
Natural resources: Gold, diamonds, and bauxite
Natural hazards: None


Located in East Africa and bordering the Indian Ocean, Kenya is home to a fabulous array of wildlife including lions, elephants and rhinos.

Capital: Nairobi
Population: 44.4 million
Natural resources: Limestone, salt and gemstones
Natural hazards: Recurring drought and flooding during rainy seasons


A landlocked country in southeastern Africa, which became independent 1964 and a republic two years later. Malawi’s highland landscape is divided by the Great Rift Valley which contains the enormous Lake Malawi (almost 30 000 km2).

Capital: Lilongwe
Population: 15.9 million
Natural resources:Limestone, arable land, hydropower, unexploited deposits of uranium, coal, and bauxite.
Natural hazards: None


Mali is a multiethnic country consisting of eight regions, and the majority of its population are Mandé peoples. Its borders were drawn up in 1891 (to form ‘French Sudan’) — Mali became an independent country in 1960.

Capital:  Bamako

Population:  14.5 million
Natural resources:  gold, salt
Natural hazards: drought


The former Portuguese colony Mozambique lies in southeast Africa, bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east and Tanzania to the north.

Capital: Maputo
Population: 25.83 million
Natural resources: Natural gas, aluminium, beryllium and tantalum.
Natural hazards: Cyclones during the wet season


Senegal, officially the Republic of Senegal, is a smaller African country whose capital lies on the Cap-Vert peninsula, the westernmost point of continental Africa.

Capital:  Dakar

Population:  15 million
Natural resources:  

Natural hazards: The desert, which can reach temperatures as high as 54C

Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone is a coastal west African country with a diverse environment ranging all the way from savannah to rainforests.

Capital:  Freetown

Population:  7 million
Natural resources:  diamonds, titanium, rutile
Natural hazards: mudslides


In Eastern Africa, east of Ethiopia, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean with the longest coastline on Africa’s mainland.

Capital: Mogadishu
Population: 12.3 million
Natural resources: Uranium and largely unexploited reserves of iron ore, tin and copper

Natural hazards: Recurring drought, frequent dust storms over eastern plains in summer and floods during rainy season


South Sudan

South Sudan is located in northeastern Africa and includes Bandingilo National Park —home to the second-largest wildlife migration in the world.

Capital: Juba
Population: 11.3 million
Natural resources: Petroleum, iron ore, tungsten, copper and diamonds
Natural hazards: Dry seasons and water scarcity


Sudan is an Islamic country in northern Africa that is home to almost 600 ethnic groups that speak over 400 different languages and dialects.

Capital:  Khartoum

Population:  40 million
Natural resources:  asbestos, chromite, cobalt, copper, gold
Natural hazards: sandstorms


Tanzania is an East African country known for its Serengeti National Park, home to the “big five” (elephants, lions, leopards, buffalo, rhino) and Kilimanjaro, Africa’s highest mountain.  

Capital: Dodoma
Population: 49.25 million
Natural resources: Natural gas, gold and gemstones
Natural hazards: None


Uganda is a landlocked country in East Africa with a diverse landscape that encompasses the snow-capped Rwenzori Mountains and the 68,800 km² Lake Victoria.

Capital: Kampala
Population: approx.  37.58 million
Natural resources: Copper, cobalt and gold
Natural hazards: None

United Arab Emirates

Formed in 1971 – 72, the UAE is a federation of 7 emirates located the Persian (Arabian) Gulf.

Capital: Abu Dhabi
Population: 9.35million
Natural resources: Petroleum and natural gas
Natural hazards: Frequent sand and dust storms




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